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5(Special Issue)/2006

Piotr Korcelli

Replacement Migration and the Dilemmas of Migration Policy

Replacement Migration and the Dilemmas of Migration Policy
The notion of replacement migration is frequently used in recent literature on migration policy and demographic forecasts. Such migration streams could theoretically compensate for the natural decrease and population ageing, observed in most of developed countries. In the long run, however, international migration can only slow down, rather than reverse these processes. In this respect, the situation in Poland is unique as its migration balance will most likely remain negative until around 2020. Nevertheless, the population outflow abroad could to some extent be offset by the population inflow. This would require, among other conditions, a reformulation of Poland`s migration policy, with an increase of provisions enabling selective legal immigration, preventing at the same time the so-called irregular immigration. Such provisions are already being implemented in some EU countries (including Germany), and in the future will probably form the basis of EU migration policy.
Afiliacja:
Piotr Korcelli: Instytut Geografii i Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania PAN (ul. Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warszawa); korcelli@twarda.pan.pl