Postindustrial agglomerations struggling with image deficits and environmental problems are looking for new development paths to take. One of these paths can bring about the development of business tourism, including the industry of the organisation of meetings and events. The unique and attractive character of the place can favour taking such a direction. The business tourism sector can therefore become an instrument contributing to the sustainable metropolisation of the city by building up its position in the global network of flows. The development of the meetings and events sector allows, therefore, for a change of image, for a re-evaluation of endogenous resources, including those relating to the industrial past, and for tapping into the unlimited resources of the global network. Increased attention in this network may lead to an influx of more events, and of investors as well. Replacing heavy industry with an enlarged service sector and modern industry based on flexible and innovative small and medium-sized enterprises fosters sustainable development. The meetings and events industry can become a tool for sustainable development and the promotion of its ideas, related to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The trajectory outlined above seems very promising. However, to some extent, it is just a hypothesis. The author undertakes to test it on the example of Katowice, a former industrial city which has decided to follow the route outlined above to become a city that hosts many events, including the COP24 summit in 2018. In the article, the author presents empirical research studies whose authors tried to determine whether the path the city has chosen has a real impact on its image and development. The author also deals with the question of the sustainability of such a development path and the conditions for its self-support in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic crisis.
The authors have determined that the healthcare system is on the verge of collapse, as it is unable to meet the population’s growing needs for medical care. An analysis of demographic situation and health indices of the adult population in the north-eastern region of Ukraine (based on the example of the Sumy region) was carried out. The study confirms the number of deaths caused by COVID-19, the growth of new cases of coronavirus, and the excessive burden on primary care physicians and infectious disease specialists. It has been determined that the negative state of the domestic healthcare system is due to the shortcomings of public administration and organisation of this system in terms of COVID-19. One of the most important priorities of public policy should be to preserve and strengthen the health of the population, the development of intersectoral cooperation on the principle of ‘healthcare – in all state policies’, and the priority of the nation itself, i.e. the formation of healthy behaviour.
Kwestia wykluczenia transportowego w Polsce jest coraz częściej podnoszona przez polityków, publicystów i organizacje pozarządowe. Problem nasilił się w okresie pandemii COVID-19 wobec zmniejszenia liczby tras i częstotliwości kursowania autobusów i kolei. Krajowy dorobek naukowy dotyczący wykluczenia transportowego jest niewystarczający. Niniejszy artykuł jest próbą poszerzenia wiedzy w tym zakresie. Celem jest ukazanie różnych aspektów wykluczenia transportowego z perspektywy mieszkańców. Uwzględniono trzy płaszczyzny tego zjawiska: ograniczony dostęp do publicznych środków transportu, ograniczenia przestrzenno-czasowe oraz trudności w uczestnictwie w ważnych instytucjach społecznych. Artykuł opiera się na studiach przypadku trzech miejscowości w województwie mazowieckim: Ostrowi Mazowieckiej, Żuromina i Tczowa. Badanie realizowano w 2021 r. za pomocą wywiadów pogłębionych oraz analizy danych zastanych. Na podstawie opinii i spostrzeżeń mieszkańców powyższych miejscowości przedstawiono społeczne konsekwencje ograniczonego dostępu do połączeń autobusowych i kolejowych.
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has created unprecedented challenges. Comparing pre-pandemic and pandemic experiences led to the re-evaluation of the role of festivities and their associated traditions. Through semi-structured interviews, people’s perceptions of festivities during the two-year-long period of repetitive social restrictions were investigated in Latvia (Latgale region). Data analysis revealed that the quality of festivities related to otherworldliness decreased. Celebration as a powerful practice for developing a sense of togetherness and experiencing collective joy was commonly acknowledged. Festivities were primarily perceived as a tool of socialization and collective identification, as well as an opportunity for entertainment and creative expression.